What is Celiac Disease?
Are you suffering from celiac disease and want to know, what is celiac disease? Celiac disease is digestive or autoimmune disorder which is resulted by the damage of lining of small intestine when gluten rich foods are eaten. Some grains are rich in gluten which is a form of protein. The damage that has been done to intestine makes it hard for the body to absorb nutrients such as fats, iron, folate and calcium. This damage is result of immune response due to the protein and with the passage of time this immune response results in inflammation that damages the intestine. Celiac disease can cause bloating and weight loss and may be diarrhea. In this way, the system of body including bones, liver, brain and nervous system can also be deprived of nourishment which is needed for our body to stay healthy.
Causes of Celiac Disease
Our body’s immune system is developed to protect our body from the invaders. Generally, gluten is the main cause of celiac disease which is found in barley, rye and wheat. The people who are exposed to gluten are more prone to develop this disease. Transglutaminase tissue which is an enzyme changes the gluten into a chemical. This chemical results in causing immune response which ultimately results in inflammation leading to the damage small intestine. Normal villi of intestine are damaged which is responsible for the building of small intestine. This process results in preventing our body to absorb nutrients from our diet.
In addition to it, the genetics are another cause of celiac disease but the family history may not be only reason for developing the disease. Other causes along with family history may cause celiac disease. The real reason for developing celiac disease is not unknown due to the fact that the cause of autoimmune response is not known.
People who have microscopic colitis, type I diabetes and autoimmune thyroid disease may experience the celiac disease or it may be resulted for the first time after some kind of surgery like childbirth, pregnancy, stress or viral infections.
Symptoms of Celiac Disease
The symptoms of celiac disease are varies from person to person. Symptoms of the celiac disease are commonly seen as weight loss and diarrhea but large number of people does not experience digestive symptoms and others experience very few symptoms to be diagnosed as celiac disease. However, most common symptoms of celiac disease are mentioned below:
- Digestive problems such as pain, gas, bloating, diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and even pale stools
- Missed menstrual periods in women
- Weight loss
- Heartburn and acid reflux
- Skin rash which is severe, called as dermatitis herpetiformis
- Headache and fatigue
- Damage to dental enamel
- Hyposplenism, Reduced functioning of the spleen
- Tingling sensation in the legs caused by the low calcium and nerve damage
- Iron deficiency anemia commonly known as low blood count
- Aphthous ulcers
- Growth problems in children and failure to flourish
- Musculoskeletal problems such as bone and joint pain and muscle cramps