High blood pressure also called Hypertension is a common condition in which pumping pressure of blood goes against your artery walls. You can have hypertension or High Blood Pressure without any symptoms for years. Undetected high blood pressure increases your risk of dangerous health problems, mostly heart attack and stroke. Hypertension or High Blood Pressure commonly develops in the course of many years.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
Physicians generally call it a silent killer because Mostly people with Hypertension are asymptomatic and show no specific signs or symptoms, but a few cases with high blood pressure may have headache, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath. Sometime dizziness occurs, but until high blood pressure has reached its threatening stage. You need to check your blood pressure reading at least monthly.
High Blood pressure Causes
High blood pressure or Hypertension has many causes, first of all is age, the risk of hypertension increases with your age. About the age of 45, hypertension is more common. High blood pressure runs in generation to generation, so beware if you have a family history of hypertension. Obesity is a well known cause of hypertension, as much you have weight you need to supply oxygen to your tissues. People who are inactive and lazy have high risk; lack of physical activity can also increase the risk of overweight and become a patient of high blood pressure. People with a daily exercise routine can lower the risk. Tobacco and smoking raise your blood pressure immediately, and chemicals and tobacco can damage the artery walls. This can cause arteries to narrow. Too much use of sodium in your diet can cause your body cells retain fluid, so you need to use potassium, to balance the amount of sodium in your blood cells. Having the least amount of vitamin D can lead to hypertension, because the vitamin D effect on enzyme produces by your kidneys that affect your blood pressure level. Having heavy drinking can cause high blood pressure and heart attack later. High levels of stress and depression lead to hypertension temporary. Some conditions like kidney disease, diabetes, and pregnancy adds to high blood pressure, as well.
Treatment and care of High Blood pressure
People with High Blood Pressure should make lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet and getting physically active. Medications are given to treat people with High Blood Pressure however concentration of mostly relied on lifestyle modifications and possible moderate drug therapy.