Gum disease; symptoms, causes, treatment

Is a common infection of gums, links to supporting area of teeth.medical name is periodontal disease. If you do not treat it, becomes severe and turn into two other types, Gingivitis and Periodontitis.


it is the mild condition of gum disease, with redness and swollen gums symptoms. Mostly it is due to poor hygiene, people with gingivitis normally have no severe pain or discomfort.


when you don`t pay attention to gingivitis, it becomes in the form of periodontitis. Presence of bacteria produces more toxins that can  lead  to bad inflammation, which cause the instruction of bone and the tissue related to gums, as the process increase, the gums becomes into the form of pockets, sometimes you want to remove your teeth. If your Periodontitis becomes aggressive, it can cause bone destruction. There are many symptoms of gum disease, but here a few of them;

The symptoms of gum disease

the signs of healthy and normal gums are pink gums and tooth pointed at their spot, they never bleed easily, but if you are noticing these symptoms like, go for an appointment to a dentist.

Swollen and red gums

Bleeding during brush

Some type of pain

Gums which are spreading from teeth

Permanent bad breath, especially early morning


Pain during chewing or bite something

Teeth that are loose from the gums

Causes of gum disease

the most common cause of gum disease is plaque, which is a bacteria based lawyer, has a good quantity of our teeth, when it becomes more advanced, can develop severe inflammation. With the passage of time, the plaque change in form of tartar, which cause pulling away from their spot. However the major cause of gum disease is bacteria but we can not forget some other factors which are playing a role to make disease severe include;


Excessive use of alcohol

Family history of gum disease

Having diabetes

Use of high sugary foods and chewing products

Permanent acidic stomach

Weak immune system

Some medications like contraceptives and chemotherapy

Poor is filling of teeth

Pregnancy or menopause

Treatment of gum disease

when you have any sign of gum disease, go to a dentist. Talk to him about your condition, he or she will decide the treatment, first of all, doctor may ask you for an x-ray to check the bone destruction. But first, you need to control the factor which is leading you to gum disease. Now a day, we have many ways to treat the gum disease  include;

Cleaning techniques

it is necessary to clean your teeth inner sides and outsides of the tooth line, dentists have some techniques to do such process like scaling and root planning,  but if your gum disease is becoming advance, they use a machine to remove tartar and plaque  from in and outside of your gum line.its called professional cleaning also, we should also go for a cleaning process about twice a year. Now we have laser technology for removing bacterial layer and hard tartar, and it is less painful than other treatments.


in case of mild gum disease, some antibiotics can be used for swollen gums and inflammation. These antibiotics can  prevent bacterias which are causing problem worse. An antibiotic mouthwash, which is very effective for  keeping the infection at the bay, if you have scaling and root planning, there are some medicines used for injecting into the pockets.


in case of damaged bone or moving tooth, or when you have extra space between tooth where bacteria can grow easily, after the  surgery, the teeth are placed firmly in the tissue again, another surgery is bone graft, in which replace the destroying bone with a new bone,which is donated or wastes of your own body,  this graft can play a role for the regrowth of the bone. In case of supporting bone destruction, tissue surgery will be performed, this procedure, a piece of mesh implant  between tooth and gum to keep the gum and bone at their own spot. When any of us has bone loss, bone surgery will be needed, in the process, they reshaped the tooth to avoid bacterial growth and bacteria can`t make a population in there.

But remember, surgery is needed there when your teeth or gum tissue can`t be repair or treat with other treatments.

One comment

  • Refer you to a periodontist. Periodontists are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease and may provide you with treatment options that are not offered by your dentist.

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