Eczema is a Greek word, which means throwing by heat or boil out, in medical terms, Eczema is an inflammatory skin disease or condition with redness, itching, and scaly hard skin. Many people have it in their life at any time, babies also have Eczema, common people have it on their elbows, face and knees, but children can have Eczema on the back and chest, also called atopic dermatitis. Eczema can be treated with medicines and oral creams. People who live in dry areas are mostly caught by it,the environment can worsen the condition like pollution, smoke, some foods like nuts can relate to an effect on the symptoms of Eczema. There are some other types of Eczema like contact Eczema, Seborrheic Eczema, Nummular Eczema, Dyshidriotic Eczema, and Allergic Eczema. But the most common is Atopic Eczema, is a chronic skin disease, usually it can start from childhood and long lasts to the adult age.
Eczema starts out with a common itching or redness, it may become red or sore later. When you scratch it, a fluid can appear from rash sometimes, and it becomes dry and scaly. The most common body parts are elbows, creases of knees, neck and wrists, sometimes the affected areas become infected, don`t scratch it because it may cause patches on the skin.your skin may be dry like scales of a fish. Scratching of the affected area can increases itching and worse the Eczema.
Our environmental factors can be a reason for Eczema, some genetic issues are also associated with the problem, people who have allergies or some kind of asthma, are more likely to have the Eczema, people who live in cold cities or drier countries also have the chances to get Eczema. Food allergies and hay fever also have concerns with ECZEMA, there are some other factors with can cause Eczema are listed;
- Some animals and mites
- Long lasting flu
- Extra use of irritating chemicals on skin
- Allergy with woolen products
- Warm showers and dry soap
- Some foods like dairy and nuts, eggs, seafood
- Hair dyes or perfumes and cosmetics
- Sweating and dandruff
- Certain fungus
- Stress, can worsen the symptoms
There is no cure for Eczema, however, we have some ways to treat Eczema, your doctor decides it after seeing your current condition of the affected area. If someone has Eczema it is important to take care of your skin and avoid to scratching the affected area, moisturize your skin every day, and follow your doctor.
First of all, your doctor will suggest you topical ointment to control itching, these creams are reduced inflammation and itching. Some creams to repair itchy damage skin, they help to maintain normal skin and reduce flare. Additionally, you may need antibiotics to fight with bacteria’s, your doctor will decide the time period for taking the dose. Sometimes doctor may suggest you to inject drugs or Corticosteroids, these can be used to control inflammation and bacterial infections. Another way of treating is Phototherapy, can be suggested to treat mild to moderate Eczema, they used to control ultraviolet waves to avoid exposing the skin.
Tips for Prevention
Here are a few tips, you can do at home to control your Eczema, use a moisturizer twice a day especially after a bath. If your skin is already dry, you can use oils for the purpose. Apply moisturizer on your legs, arms, and back after taking bath, avoid scratching as much as you can, cover the area with cotton cloth or gloves. Take a bath with baking soda water or oatmeal, add baking soda or oatmeal in your bathtub, dissolve and sit in your bathtub at least 15 minutes, and apply moisturizer. Use baby soap or baby shampoo, use cotton clothes which are easy to wear, don`t wear tight or woolen clothes. Apply calamine lotion to the affected area to avoid burning sensation, and scratching. Our emotional disorders can increase the Eczema so improve your mental health. A survey showed that some herbal medicines can reduce the Eczema temporarily like evening primrose oil and Oolong tea as a diet. Tea tree oil or rice bran for applying to your skin. But be sure to talk with your doctor before using alternatives.