Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes certainly has a pronounced and devastating impact on family, friends and community. There are different factors relevant to diabetes that can cause depression and anxiety. On the individual basis, diagnosis of diabetes may cause some levels of grief and anxiety. For the family, long term health problem of the diabetic member of the family may trigger apprehension.  People with diabetes sometimes experience hypoglycemia which is a horrible experience for those with diabetes and the other family member who feel distress and disconcert. While a person diagnosed with diabetes may have less community relationships due to complications.

Type 2 Diabetes

As a chronic condition, type 2 diabetes affects the metabolizing of glucose (sugar) which is an imperative source of fuel.

Signs and symptoms:

The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes appear slowly over time. However, some of the major symptoms to look for are;

  • Frequent urination and increased thirst due to excessive sugar build up in the bloodstream which pulls the fluid from the tissue.
  • Increased hunger caused by deletion of energy in organs and muscles due to no or little sugar into cells.
  • Fatigue; in response to deprivation of sugar to the cells.
  • Blurred vision due to pulled lenses of the eyes that is caused by too high sugar in the blood
  • Frequent infections and slow healing due to slow resistant to infections
  • Darkened skin due to insulin resistance.

Prevention, treatment and care

There are some healthy lifestyle choices that may help preventing type 2 diabetes. Diet and exercise are key tools for prevention. If a person has already had diabetes he/she can make some simple lifestyle changes can stop the progression of this disease. One should choose low fat foods with high fiber for example, whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Losing extra weight and getting physically active can improve overall well being. Type 2 diabetes can be managed by eating healthy, exercising regularly, getting insulin therapy and monitoring blood sugar. Possible treatment and drugs recommended to those with type 2 diabetes are;

  • Metformin: It improves the blood tissue sensitivity to insulin therefore the body uses insulin more effectively.
  • Sulfonylureas: Using these medications helps secreting more insulin. This group of medication is comprised of glyburide, glipizide, and glimepiride.
  • Meglitinides: These drugs also encourage the body to produce more insulin. They act faster and do not remain in the bloodstream for a longer time.
  • Thiazolidinediones: It makes body tissues sensitive to insulin.
  • DPP-4 inhibitors: It helps reduce blood sugar levels however it has a lower effect.