Is a common infection of gums, links to supporting area of teeth.medical name is periodontal disease. If you do not treat it, becomes severe and turn into two other types, Gingivitis and Periodontitis.


it is the mild condition of gum disease, with redness and swollen gums symptoms. Mostly it is due to poor hygiene, people with gingivitis normally have no severe pain or discomfort.


when you don`t pay attention to gingivitis, it becomes in the form of periodontitis. Presence of bacteria produces more toxins that can  lead  to bad inflammation, which cause the instruction of bone and the tissue related to gums, as the process increase, the gums becomes into the form of pockets, sometimes you want to remove your teeth. If your Periodontitis becomes aggressive, it can cause bone destruction. There are many symptoms of gum disease, but here a few of them;

The symptoms of gum disease

the signs of healthy and normal gums are pink gums and tooth pointed at their spot, they never bleed easily, but if you are noticing these symptoms like, go for an appointment to a dentist.

Swollen and red gums

Bleeding during brush

Some type of pain

Gums which are spreading from teeth

Permanent bad breath, especially early morning


Pain during chewing or bite something

Teeth that are loose from the gums

Causes of gum disease

the most common cause of gum disease is plaque, which is a bacteria based lawyer, has a good quantity of our teeth, when it becomes more advanced, can develop severe inflammation. With the passage of time, the plaque change in form of tartar, which cause pulling away from their spot. However the major cause of gum disease is bacteria but we can not forget some other factors which are playing a role to make disease severe include;


Excessive use of alcohol

Family history of gum disease

Having diabetes

Use of high sugary foods and chewing products

Permanent acidic stomach

Weak immune system

Some medications like contraceptives and chemotherapy

Poor is filling of teeth

Pregnancy or menopause

Treatment of gum disease

when you have any sign of gum disease, go to a dentist. Talk to him about your condition, he or she will decide the treatment, first of all, doctor may ask you for an x-ray to check the bone destruction. But first, you need to control the factor which is leading you to gum disease. Now a day, we have many ways to treat the gum disease  include;

Cleaning techniques

it is necessary to clean your teeth inner sides and outsides of the tooth line, dentists have some techniques to do such process like scaling and root planning,  but if your gum disease is becoming advance, they use a machine to remove tartar and plaque  from in and outside of your gum line.its called professional cleaning also, we should also go for a cleaning process about twice a year. Now we have laser technology for removing bacterial layer and hard tartar, and it is less painful than other treatments.


in case of mild gum disease, some antibiotics can be used for swollen gums and inflammation. These antibiotics can  prevent bacterias which are causing problem worse. An antibiotic mouthwash, which is very effective for  keeping the infection at the bay, if you have scaling and root planning, there are some medicines used for injecting into the pockets.


in case of damaged bone or moving tooth, or when you have extra space between tooth where bacteria can grow easily, after the  surgery, the teeth are placed firmly in the tissue again, another surgery is bone graft, in which replace the destroying bone with a new bone,which is donated or wastes of your own body,  this graft can play a role for the regrowth of the bone. In case of supporting bone destruction, tissue surgery will be performed, this procedure, a piece of mesh implant  between tooth and gum to keep the gum and bone at their own spot. When any of us has bone loss, bone surgery will be needed, in the process, they reshaped the tooth to avoid bacterial growth and bacteria can`t make a population in there.

But remember, surgery is needed there when your teeth or gum tissue can`t be repair or treat with other treatments.

Mastitis is a condition of breast in which breast tissues become infected, it is most common in breastfeeding mothers, seen mostly within the first 3 months after delivery but experience in some time in breastfeeding duration. We can manage breast  Mastitis easily, but it is important to consult your doctor first, breast mastitis effecting every tenth woman, according to its symptoms, there are more conditions of its called lactation mastitis and puerperal mastitis. The good news is that it is mostly affected on one breast not both.breast mastitis is commonly result of blocked milk of breast which has block in the breast then stuck in other tissue and the tissue become inflamed, cause breast mastitis.

Symptoms of the mastitis

the signs and symptoms often appear suddenly, about six to twelve weeks after delivery but can happen anytime. When the symptoms occur, it is good to keep your breast empty as soon as possible, don`t worry, the milk is not harmful for your baby. If you feel such symptoms;

A lump or feels lump

Feeling of warmth

Redness, and swollen

Pain in the nipple

Muscles aching

Fever with flu like signs

As soon when you feel these signs of breast mastitis, go to your doctor to avoid some serious problem.

Causes of breast mastitis

try to feed your baby properly, wrong position and wrong techniques can lead to mastitis, don`t feed your baby in lying position or when you are sleeping. Because such types of things or blocked milk in tissues are a major cause of mastitis.

Sometimes bacterias are the cause, from your baby`s mouth, many bacteria enter into the milk duct through the nipple, when they stuck there cause inflammation  of the breast tissues, especially if you have sore or cracked nipples. Another cause of breast mastitis is wearing tight under garments or bra, women who use uncomfortable bra during breastfeeding are at a great risk, women who do not  pay attention to their hygiene may also get the mastitis because unhygienic clothes and undergarments can growth of bacteria. Breast mastitis can happen if your baby is not responding during breastfeeding and do not suck the milk properly.sometimes it can cause a collection of pus in your breast and make the problem complicate so you need to consult your doctor when you see some symptoms.


your doctor decide the treatment, according the symptoms, but usually based on;


usually the treatment is need a few days,there are two types of medicines which are using for breast mastitis are antibiotics and pain killers.antibiotics has the ability to reduce the inflammation and pain killers to relieve you from pain such as ibuprofen or Tylenol, you may feel better  after using the medicines.

Self adjustment

every time when you breastfeed, make sure to empty your breast properly, review your breastfeeding position will start to feeding, if you are confused, go to a lactation expert for help, he or she can tell you exact and better techniques to avoid such problems. Don`t lie in positions that are pressing your breasts.

Home remedies for mastitis

Hot shower

it is  very useful to treat mastitis, hot water can clear blockage and improves blood circulation for correcting the milk flow in veins, you can take a hot shower or use a towel to dip in hot water, place it in a lumpy area for some minutes, do it several times, this remedy also reduce the swelling.


it can effect immediately for the mastitis, use an oil to massage, it can reduce the pain and helps to continue the milk flow and unblock the breast. Massage the breast in circular motions. Use olive oil, lavender oil for the purpose, a few times in a day. When the need to breastfeed, clean the breast with warm water.

Fenugreek paste

fenugreek seeds can help to treat the inflammation because the presence of flavonoids. According to written in many Ayurveda books, fenugreek seeds can also increase the milk flow. You can use fenugreek oil or paste,just get some fenugreek seeds, soak them in water overnight, next morning make a paste with it and put in a clean cloth to make a compress, place this compress on the breast twice daily.

But remember, if you have symptoms that don`t go away or your pain become more worse, see a doctor to take good advice.

Asthma is a bad condition or a chronic inflammatory condition of your lungs or airways, in which your airways become swollen and make your breath tough and short, your chest becomes tight and you have start coughing all the time, often caused by some type of allergy, but in some cases the cause  of Asthma is not known, can be mild or moderate, in many cases Asthma flare up and then not appear any symptoms for a long time. Asthma can spread from person to person, and can`t have a cure, but you can control it with some effort, just you need to work with your doctor to tell you about the adjustment of the present condition. Asthma has some other types; such as child onset Asthma,adult onset Asthma, occupational Asthma, Nocturnal Asthma. According to recent surveys, there are about 300 million people around the world suffers from Asthma. Most often Asthma starts from childhood, however, people of all ages can affect from Asthma. If you don`t pay special attention, Asthma will be a life threaten disease.

Symptoms of Asthma

it is not necessary that every person with asthma has the same symptoms, can be different in person to person, sometimes SAsthma appear in episodes, can be mild or severe. Generally these symptoms are not severe but you can prevent your asthma attack to become worse. Warning signs include;

Experience cough more frequent

Shortness of breath

Feeling very week when doing something heavy


Changes in airway flow

Frequent cold, allergies and upper respiratory infections

Feeling discomfort in sleeping

A sound of whistling when exhaling

Allergic reactions to gases, chemicals and smoke

Cold weather

Some people need to use an inhaler in above conditions,  but your health guide provider can decide all treatment because treatment on early signs can save you from damage to the lungs.

Causes of Asthma

The causes of asthma are not exactly clear, however,  according to WHO the key factor and strongest risk of Asthma are gene transfer and environmental disorders sometimes inhale some chemicals and gases which triggers the reaction and allergies of  the lungs. Many factors also trigger the problem like;

Allergies. People with allergic reactions can have the Asthma because allergies can trigger the inflammation of the lungs. Animals, cockroaches, mites and fungi can also add the list

Pollution. The higher risk of Asthma, heavy air dust,

Some types of mites like carpet and bedding

Pollen allergy and smoke, especially tobacco, because tobacco smoke are associated with respiratory infection, and later increase the Asthma.

Irritation of chemicals and gases, like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen can increase the problem.

Medicines like aspirin and non-steroid, anti-inflammatory drugs, medicines associated to high blood pressure.

Long term cold weather, also known to increase in Asthma attacks, because cold air is a common cause for airway congestion, bronchitis, cough, and wheezing.

Emotional disturbances like anger and stress, people who have suffered stress have a higher risk because poor immune system and habits that are encourage by stress like smoking and drinking.when you feel all these symptoms , make an appointment with your doctor to diagnose Asthma, with a physical exam and some tests like lung function test and pulmonary test.

Treatment of Asthma

There is no cure for Asthma but can control. With any medical advice and medicines you can control Asthma. You need to see your doctor every 2 to 6 weeks  if you want to under control your Asthma.

Your doctor will give you quick relief medicines to control the condition, and use some medicines to reduce lung inflammation. Because the people with Asthma needs long term control.

Most doctors using a nebulizer  to provide the medicine largerly. Medicine is put in a solution into a foggy  vapor to give the patient for inhaled. For the long term control, medicines should  use every day, which are anti inflammatory and inhaled corticosteroids, don`t worry, corticosteroids are not routine-forming  medicines, but make sure to rinsing your mouth after using the inhalers. If medicines do not show any quick relief, you need to emergency medicine, you need for treatment at the hospital. Although quick relief medicines can have a great effect of coughing, wheezing, and short breathing.

Eczema symptoms, causes and treatments

Eczema is a Greek word, which means throwing by heat or boil out, in medical terms, Eczema is an inflammatory skin disease or condition with redness, itching, and scaly hard skin. Many people have it in their life at any time, babies also have Eczema, common people have it on their elbows, face and knees, but children can have Eczema on the back and chest, also called atopic dermatitis. Eczema can be treated with medicines and oral creams. People who live in dry areas are mostly caught by it,the environment can worsen the condition like pollution, smoke, some foods like nuts can relate to an effect on the symptoms of Eczema. There are some other types of Eczema like contact Eczema, Seborrheic Eczema, Nummular Eczema, Dyshidriotic Eczema, and Allergic Eczema. But the most common is Atopic Eczema, is a chronic skin disease, usually it can start from childhood and long lasts to the adult age.

Eczema Symptoms

Eczema starts out with a common itching or redness, it may become red or sore later. When you scratch it, a fluid can appear from rash sometimes, and it becomes dry and scaly. The most common body parts are elbows, creases of  knees, neck and wrists, sometimes the affected areas  become infected, don`t scratch it because it may cause patches on the skin.your skin may be dry like scales of a fish.  Scratching of the affected area can increases itching and worse the Eczema.

Eczema Causes

Our environmental factors can be a reason for Eczema, some genetic issues are also associated with the problem, people who have allergies or some kind of asthma, are more likely to have the Eczema, people who live in cold cities or drier countries  also have the chances to get Eczema. Food allergies and hay fever also have concerns with ECZEMA, there are some other factors with can cause Eczema are listed;

  • Some animals and mites
  • Long lasting flu
  • Extra use of irritating chemicals on skin
  • Allergy with woolen products
  • Warm showers and dry soap
  • Some foods like dairy and nuts, eggs, seafood
  • Hair dyes or perfumes and cosmetics
  • Sweating and dandruff
  • Certain fungus
  • Stress, can worsen the symptoms

Eczema Treatment

There is no cure for Eczema, however, we have some ways to treat Eczema, your doctor decides it after seeing your current condition of the affected area. If someone has Eczema it is important to take care of your skin and avoid to scratching the affected area, moisturize your skin every day, and follow your doctor.


First of all, your doctor will suggest you topical ointment to control itching, these creams are reduced inflammation and itching. Some creams to repair itchy damage skin, they help to maintain normal skin and reduce flare. Additionally, you may need antibiotics to fight with bacteria’s, your doctor will decide the time period for taking the dose. Sometimes doctor may suggest you to inject drugs or Corticosteroids, these can be used to control inflammation and bacterial infections. Another way of treating is Phototherapy, can be suggested to treat mild to moderate Eczema, they used to control ultraviolet waves to avoid exposing the skin.

Tips for Prevention

Here are a few tips, you can do at home to control your Eczema, use a moisturizer twice a day especially after a bath. If your skin is already dry, you can use oils for the purpose. Apply moisturizer on your legs, arms, and back after taking bath, avoid scratching as much as you can, cover the area with cotton cloth or gloves. Take a bath with baking soda water or oatmeal, add baking soda or oatmeal in your bathtub, dissolve and  sit in your bathtub at least 15 minutes, and apply moisturizer. Use baby soap or baby shampoo, use cotton clothes which are easy to wear, don`t wear tight or woolen clothes. Apply calamine lotion to the affected area to avoid burning sensation, and scratching. Our emotional disorders can increase the Eczema so improve your mental health. A survey showed that some herbal medicines can reduce the Eczema temporarily like evening primrose oil and Oolong tea as a diet. Tea tree oil or rice bran for applying to your skin. But be sure to talk with your doctor before using alternatives.

Stomach Virus; Symptoms and treatment

Stomach Virus

The stomach  is a hollow sack located in the upper abdomen, it is like a tank where food stores. If our analysis about its structure, it is made up of some layers of tissue. The size of the stomach is different in each of us, but it can contain 1-2 liters of food  easily. So overeating can lead to discomfort,so the stomach is an important organ in our body because it acts as a major organ to digest your food.

Diseases and disorders of the stomach  are very common, lead to a variety of symptoms, but a very common is stomach virus symptoms. A viral infection, which can catch you by swallowing some type of viruses. The stomach virus  symptoms can be spread person to person by sharing eatables and utensils, stomach virus symptoms  are different than the other flu or throat viruses. The stomach virus symptoms occur after 24 hours when the virus enters the stomach.some most common symptoms of stomach virus are following:

Symptoms of Stomach Virus


The most common stomach virus symptom is watery nausea, usually you may experience vomiting due to a stomach virus, use cold water, sip at a time, you can have other liquids to avoid dehydration, can long last for a week. Stomach virus symptoms can stay with you mild or severe.

Abdominal Cramps

Stomach pain or cramps are common, almost every patient complained about there belly pain, if you have constant pain, you should see your general physician.

Low Fever

Stomach viruses sometimes brings a low fever and headache with him, you also experience fatigue and muscle pain after you swollen the stomach virus. In some cases, people noticed weight loss.


Nausea and vomiting can cause dehydration because our body base 70 percent of fluid and can`t function without fluids, it can be treated with liquids, but you have a severe condition, go to the doctor, he may give intravenous fluids to treat your dry mouth or extra thirst.


There are some tips along with treatment of stomach virus symptoms, you can take care of yourself. Remember, antibiotics have no role in stomach virus.

  1. With stomach virus you lose more fluids during vomiting and bowel system, so keep hydrated, with water and some electrolytes, it can help fast. You can get it from the pharmacy. Avoid caffeinated and acidic liquids because they can make the problem worse.
  2. Give rest to your stomach, don`t drink or eat too much, just use blended meal that your stomach can digest easily, do not use the liquid after vomiting immediately because it can cause vomiting again. Take small sips of water with some break.
  3. If you have severe stomach virus conditions, your doctor may ask prescribed some medicines such as anti diarrheals, or anti-emetic for reduce vomiting. People with serious symptoms like nausea, dehydration, not passing urine, are in need of hospital treatment.
  4. In case of fever or muscle pain do not take pain killers or ibuprofen, it can upset your bowel control, medicines can make the infection long last. Try to stay firm on fluids and electrolytes because they have salt and minerals, but again try potatoes, bananas, yogurt, and rice first, if not working pay visit to your doctor.
Early Lupus symptoms

Lupus is a disease , that attacks when your body`s immune system is ready to attack on your organ and tissue, can affect on many different body parts at a time such as blood cells, kidneys, heart system, lungs. It may cause chronic inflammation. Sometimes it takes months and years to diagnose, but lupus symptoms are not rare.

Sometimes people thought it a viral condition. Women also especially American and Asian  have a high risk to get lupus symptoms. You can get this disease from the teenage to around thirty, however, it is difficult to make diagnosis based on early lupus is a long term autoimmune system disease which mostly affects women.

Lupus is a word from Latin which means wolf, we know the several symptoms of lupus, but the most common is SLE, and may lead to some dangerous complications. About 90 percent of women are lupus patient and diagnose at the age of childbearing. Sometimes hormones may be the cause, However ,genetics and environment are a combination risk factor.

Early Lupus Symptoms

Early Lupus symptoms come suddenly or slowly but are not exactly like one another, may mild or moderate, but will depend on which body system attacked by lupus disease, first and common sign is a butterfly shape rash on face,let`s talk about lupus symptoms include


A butterfly shaped rash in cross position on the cheeks and nose,  and is one of the most common early lupus symptoms, about 50 percent of people have this sign and can occur suddenly. Rarely,  this rash can itchy or sun sensitivity. Sometimes it can appear after sun rays.


One of the common early Lupus symptoms  is fever, mostly low grade. People mostly won`t think to go to the doctor on the condition, but later they can experience it again and again, low grade fever is a sign of inflammation, infection, now you need to see a doctor.


90 percent of women with lupus disease have some level of fatigue, but fatigue can be treated with supplements and physical activity.


You can experience swelling of joints, and pain. It may be mild and later go. In the morning many people feel  stiffness, there is a notable thing that painkillers  do not help, you need to see a doctor to examine if your joint problem is caused by lupus or something else.

Heart Problems

If you have inflammation of the lining which protects your heart and lungs can be a symptom of Lupus, according to the latest surveys, both conditions are also a sign of viral infection. So if you feel a sharp chest pain with coughing focus on Lupus symptoms and go to your physicion.

Mental Disturbance

Lupus can give you headache in addition, you can have a brain or nervous system problems, like vision problems, confusion, headache and anxiety. You feel shortness of concentration and tension during Lupus.


Low level of red blood cells, or anemia is common in Lupus  symptoms. Most women have anemia or iron deficiency, because Lupus disease can destroy the blood cells, however lab test can tell the exact story.

Lyme Disease in women

Lyme Disease in Women

Lyme disease is an infected illness that is caused by a bacteria Borrelia burgdorfri. A type of bacterium that is carried by deer and mouse ticks. The bacterium travels through blood flow and reach in different body tissues, transforms into an inflammatory disease that appear on the skin in the early stages like little bull`s eye shaped rash. Later on it can spread into your joints, organs, and nervous system. These ticks  are parasites and transfer to humans by mouth parts and skin. Lyme disease in women is as dangerous as it is men.

Most women get Lyme disease when they go into forest or grassy ground where ticks can be found. There are some signs and symptoms of Lyme disease which are red alarm for you to caught it quickly. The number of Lyme disease  cases in women is climbing, according to WH it is about 30 million per year  and increasing while reason for the fact that most cases are women is still unkown and yet to be found.

However want to tell you ticks don`t jump or never can fly, once they crawl on your body , they immediately search for thin skin to bite on specially vessels. They love to bite on your inner thighs and neck, want to live in your bra straps and hairline for long term settlement.

Sumptoms Of Lyme Disease

Lyme disease has been found in every part of the world, and can spread to any part of the body. Some patients have a rash called Lyme rash. Symptoms are sometimes occurring like sweat, fever, flu,fatigue and joint pain. Sometimes a red bump may appear near the tick bite,  but don`t worry every tick bite is not Lyme disease. Mostly symptoms may shown within a month. Some of the major symptoms of lyme disease in women are as follows;


One of the most common symtoms of Lyme Disease in women is a rash. In medical term this rash is called ERYTHEMA MIGRANS. It has been observed that 80 to 90 percent of Lyme disease at later stage. Usually this rash is not painful or itchy, it appears in 3 to 30 days after transmission.


Lyme disease may accompany flu or flu like symptoms sometimes. After or with rash you can have fever, body aches, runny nose and fatigue. You can have sleep issues as well.  Ful is another one of the alarming symtoms of lyme disease in women that should be checked by the doctor.

Neurological Effects

Your nervous system can also have Lyme disease. symptoms such as headache, stiff neck, stiffness of muscles, weakness and pain in joints. Most commonly your knees affected and become swollen, and lastly develops arthritis.  Women are more likely to have this symptom because of their physiology.  this is among other prominent symptoms of Lym Disease in women.

Heart Problems

Women with Lyme disease  can develop heart problems sometimes, such as slow heartbeat or shortness of breath,which can lead to dizziness. Although these symptoms are rare, but appear over the period of several weeks.


Sometimes women with Lyme disease notice blurred or weak vision, but it happens in early stages.


A latest research has found that Lyme disease accompanied with anxiety and depression, so get ready for a visit to psychologist . And its rate is increasing so you need to manage it. Most women feel changes in their mood like over emotional, or feeling lost. Sometimes women feel difficulty in concentration and confusion. Anxiety is among highly prevailing symptoms of Lyme disease in women because it is well evident that women are more like to suffer from disease related anxiety than men.

General Problems

You can also face these problems if you got Lyme disease include allergies, swollen glands, weight gain or lose, infections like infections of kidney or eye.

Some of theses symptoms will get better slowly when your treatment starts, but can persist if you are getting late to see your doctor.

Stage 2 Breast Cancer

Stage 2 Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the breast tissue. There are two main types of breast cancer;

Ductal Carcinoma

It starts in the ducts that move milk from the breast to the nipple. This type comprises of most breast cancer cases.

Lobular Carcinoma

This type of breast cancer starts in the lobules of breast which produce milk.

Stage 2 breast cancer means the breast cancer is growing but it is still limited to the breast or it has only gone to some of the nearby lymph nodes. Stage 2 breast cancer can be divided into two groups; stage 2A and stage 2B. The difference between these two stages is determined by the tumor size and if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the armpit.

 Stage 2A Breast Cancer

Stage 2A Breast Cancer

This form of stage 2 breast cancer means;


The tumor in the breast is less than 2 cm and there are only few or less than four lymph nodes in the arm pit have cancer cells


No tumor is found in the breast but there are less than four lymph nodes in the armpit or auxilla containing cancer cells.


The tumor is 2-5 cm in size and has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes.

Stage 2B Breast Cancer

Stage 2B Breast Cancer

The tumor is larger than 5 cm but has not gone to axillary lymph nodes.

Causes of Stage 2 Breast Cancer

1. Gender and Age

As women get older, their risk of getting breast cancer increases. Most cases of stage 2 breast cancer or even advanced cases are found in women over the age of 50.

2. Family history of Breast Cancer

The risk of getting breast cancer is higher among women who have a family history of breast cancer. Family history means if a woman has maternal or paternal relatives diagnosed with this disease or other female types of cancer such as uterine, ovarian and colon cancer.

3. Genes

Genes play an important role in the matter. Stage 2 breast cancer or any other stage of breast cancer could be a result of mutations in your genes. The most common gene defects or mutations are found in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. A mother can pass one of these defective genes to her children which increase your risk of developing breast.

Risk Factors

The commonly observed risk factors for stage 2 breast cancer are;

  1. Alcohol use
  2. Late child birth
  3. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
  4. Obesity
  5. Radiation

Symptoms of Stage 2 Breast Cancer

At early stage like stage 2 breast cancer, women do not feel any symptoms. For this reason, regular breast exam are very important. As the cancer grows symptoms may show up. some of the common symptoms of stage 2 breast cancer are;

  • A lump in the breast or armpit that is hard with uneven an edge which does not hurt in most cases.
  • A visible change in the size, feel, shape of the breast or nipple for instance a woman may have dimpling, redness, or puckering in the breast.
  • Bloody, clear or yellow fluid coming from nipple

Treatment of Stage 2 Breast cancer

Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are treatment options for almost all stages of breast cancer. However, the intensity and dosage of treatment may vary depending on stage of the cancer.

For stage 2 breast cancer following treatment options are availed in most cases.

Local therapy

Most stage 2 breast cancer patients are treated with surgery, either mastectomy or breast conserving surgery (BCS). The nodal status is also checked either with axillary lymph node dissection or sentinel node biopsy (SNB). Women with larger tumors and BCS undergo radiation therapy to eradicate the risk of recurrence.

Systematic Therapy

Most stage 2 breast cancer patients are recommended systematic therapy. systematic therapy includes chemotherapy, targeted drugs for HER2 positive breast cancer, hormone therapy for ER/PR positive breast cancer. Chemo is usually given before surgery (Neoadjuvant) or after surgery (Adjuvant). Women with larger tumors are recommended to get Neoadjuvant therapy because tumor size can be reduced with chemo drugs and breast could be saved. However, survival rate is same for adjuvant and Neoadjuvant therapies. Similarly, survival rate for mastectomy and BCS are same.

What is Celiac Disease

What is Celiac Disease?

Are you suffering from celiac disease and want to know, what is celiac disease? Celiac disease is digestive or autoimmune disorder which is resulted by the damage of lining of small intestine when gluten rich foods are eaten. Some grains are rich in gluten which is a form of protein. The damage that has been done to intestine makes it hard for the body to absorb nutrients such as fats, iron, folate and calcium. This damage is result of immune response due to the protein and with the passage of time this immune response results in inflammation that damages the intestine. Celiac disease can cause bloating and weight loss and may be diarrhea. In this way, the system of body including bones, liver, brain and nervous system can also be deprived of nourishment which is needed for our body to stay healthy.

Causes of Celiac Disease

Our body’s immune system is developed to protect our body from the invaders. Generally, gluten is the main cause of celiac disease which is found in barley, rye and wheat. The people who are exposed to gluten are more prone to develop this disease. Transglutaminase tissue which is an enzyme changes the gluten into a chemical. This chemical results in causing immune response which ultimately results in inflammation leading to the damage small intestine. Normal villi of intestine are damaged which is responsible for the building of small intestine. This process results in preventing our body to absorb nutrients from our diet.

In addition to it, the genetics are another cause of celiac disease but the family history may not be only reason for developing the disease. Other causes along with family history may cause celiac disease. The real reason for developing celiac disease is not unknown due to the fact that the cause of autoimmune response is not known.

People who have microscopic colitis, type I diabetes and autoimmune thyroid disease may experience the celiac disease or it may be resulted for the first time after some kind of surgery like childbirth, pregnancy, stress or viral infections.

Symptoms of Celiac Disease

                The symptoms of celiac disease are varies from person to person. Symptoms of the celiac disease are commonly seen as weight loss and diarrhea but large number of people does not experience digestive symptoms and others experience very few symptoms to be diagnosed as celiac disease. However, most common symptoms of celiac disease are mentioned below:

  • Digestive problems such as pain, gas, bloating, diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and even pale stools
  • Missed menstrual periods in women
  • Weight loss
  • Heartburn and acid reflux
  • Skin rash which is severe, called as dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Headache and fatigue
  • Damage to dental enamel
  • Hyposplenism, Reduced functioning of the spleen
  • Tingling sensation in the legs caused by the low calcium and nerve damage
  • Iron deficiency anemia commonly known as low blood count
  • Aphthous ulcers
  • Seizures
  • Growth problems in children and failure to flourish
  • Musculoskeletal problems such as bone and joint pain and muscle cramps
Stage 1 Breast Cancer

The process of educated treatment decision making starts with the stage and progression of the disease. Health care team at Cancer Hospital develops a proper treatment plan for a patient who is newly diagnosed with breast cancer after reviewing the results from diagnostic tests. Doctors review your pathology report to confirm the correct diagnosis and staging information and create a personalized treatment plan for you.

Stage 1 Breast Cancer

It is the earliest stage of breast cancer in which the cancer cells spread beyond the original site of tumor and into the breast tissue surrounding the site. Due to the reason, at stage 1, breast tumor is usually small, therefore, it may be difficult to detect through physical exam. Nevertheless, routine screening and breast self exam are always essential and associated with early detection and better treatment options, when the cancer is in most treatable stage.

Types of Stage 1 Breast Cancer

Stage 1 breast cancer is classified into two main categories’

Stage 1A: At this stage, the tumor measures 2 cm in size or smaller and has not spread outside the breast.

Stage 1B: Small number of cancer cells measuring 2 mm or even smaller are found in the lymph nodes in the armpit and either there is not tumor inside the breast, or the tumor is small measuring 2 cm or less. See also.

It is possible that survival rate for stage 1A breast cancer are a little higher than 1B, however, all women with stage 1 breast cancer have a very good overall prognosis.

Symptoms of Stage 1 Breast Cancer

As describe earlier, it is hard to detect breast cancer at such an early stage. However most of the women find their cancer themselves during routine breast exam. The most common sign of stage 1 breast cancer is a small pea sized hard and painless lump in the breast. This lump does not move and mostly hard like a marble. It feels stuck to the underlying breast tissue. Every lump found in the breast must be checked and treated according to the diagnosis no matter it’s a cancerous lump or not.

Treatment for Stage 1 Breast Cancer

Stage 1 breast cancer is mostly treated with a combination of surgery (either mastectomy or breast conservative surgery) chemotherapy and radiation therapy over a period of 4-6 months.

A woman who is recently been diagnosed with stage 1 breast cancer is treated after a number of diagnostic tests such as CBC, CT scan, Bone Scan or sometimes pet scan is used to determine the stage. After diagnosis, she is referred to the breast surgeon who performs surgery on the breast and tries to get clear margins. A surgeon gets clear margins by taking some surrounding tissue with the cancerous tumor just to make sure that cancer cells have not invaded the whole breast. At stage 1 breast cancer, most surgeons prefer breast conservative surgery to spare the breast of patient. However, some women choose mastectomy to get rid of fear of recurrence totally. This is however not so beneficial because both types of surgeries have same results and survival rate for stage 1 breast cancer.

 Chemotherapy and Radiation for Stage 1 Breast Cancer

Surgery is almost always followed by chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is based on 6-8 courses of cancer suppressing drugs. These drugs target cancer cells and kill them off. Due to rather serious side effects of chemotherapy, some women choose to go on with radiation therapy. But chemotherapy is associated with significantly increased survival rate. While Radiation therapy for stage 1 breast cancer is administered at the cancer hospital over the period of 15-30 days.